Masashi Haneda and Mihoko Oka eds, A Maritime History of East Asia A Maritime History of East Asia takes the reader on a fascinating journey through the history of a region from the perspective of the interactions that occurred on and were facilitated by the sea. The book is divided into three parts that each focus on a different hundred-year period between 1250 and 1800, characterized by ‘openness’, ‘competition’ and ‘compartmentalization’ respectively. The chapters in each part examine the people, goods and information that flowed across the seas of the East Asian maritime world, facilitating cultural exchange and hybridity. The intricate and often fraught relations between China, Japan and Korea feature throughout, as well as those between these polities and the waves of outsiders that sought to trade with them and to conquer them. Regional diplomacy, ship-building technology, weaponry, Wokou pirate bands, the fates of castaways and the development of international trade networks are just some of the topics that paint a vivid picture of the interconnected world of the East Asian maritime region during this period. $59.95
Kaori Kawai ed., Others: The Evolution of Human Sociality Others is the third work produced by a collaborative research project involving primatologists and anthropologists on the evolutionary historical foundations of human sociality, after the publication of groundbreaking volumes titled Groups and Institutions. This book presents cutting edge research into the meaning of “the other” and the dynamic process of “othering”. Each of the eighteen chapters examines various aspects of “others” via the researchers’ specialties, with subject matter ranging from the disappearance of the alpha male in a chimpanzees group to the way the other is produced amongst Canadian Inuit through their relationship with wild animals. What is generated is a unique collection of essays that is both grounded in empirical evidence and strengthened by its intricate engagement with the depth and breadth of theoretical work on the topic of “the other”, as it furthers our understanding of the nature of human sociality.
Noriko Sudo and Takashi Tanikawa eds, Cultural Politics around East Asian Cinema 1939-2018 This book examines the interdependent relationships between the film industry and the state in East Asia, treating films as political economic products, mixtures of government policy and industrial motives, rather than mere works of art or media commodities. We examine the East Asian film industries from the 1930s to the 2010s pursuing their own economic and political goals by cooperating, negotiating and conflicting with states. Through studies of national film policies, film industry strategies and cultural-political influences on audience receptivity, this book reveals how films are formed by the interaction of the state, the film companies and audiences. $59.95
Kazuko Tanaka ed., The Explorer Sven Hedin and Kyoto University: Central Asia Fosters East-West Cultural Exchange A chance discovery of sixty-odd works of art in a filing cabinet in Kyoto University’s Department of Geography in 2014 triggered an investigation which soon morphed into a multi-disciplinary research project seeking to understand their origins and significance. The works were reproductions of sketches, watercolors and maps produced by the Swedish explorer Sven Hedin, who had visited Kyoto in 1908, immediately after completing his third expedition exploring Central Asia. Through these works Hedin had recorded the people, temples and landscapes of Tibet. But how they came to be reproduced, and what these reproductions were doing in Kyoto remains a mystery.
Section I presents the sixty reproductions of Hedin’s work, alongside the originals where possible as well as contemporary photographs of the sites Hedin had depicted. Section II focuses on Hedin’s visit to Kyoto with a view to understanding the exchanges of ideas and values between the esteemed guest and his Japanese hosts and interlocutors, as well as investigating the mysteries surrounding the story of the reproductions.
Kiyonobu Itakura, Hypothesis-Experiment Class Kasetsu The first part of this book presents the philosophy behind Kasetsu Hypothesis–Experiment classes and Classbooks (Jugyōsho), whilst the second part includes English versions of four of the HEC Classbooks. Both HEC classes and Classbooks are based on the “child-centred” principles of science education developed by Dr Kiyonobu Itakura long before this approach became a byword in education. Teachers are encouraged to find ways of allowing students’ own curiosity and thinking to guide their discovery of scientific ideas and, above all, to respect the ability of students to apply their own knowledge of the world to their learning. Meanwhile, students will find scientific ideas, such as the structure of atoms and molecules and the creating and testing hypotheses, presented in engaging ways that seek their personal input.
Ikuya Tokoro and Kaori Kawai eds, An Anthropology of Things The aim of this book is to highlight the important roles that things play in our everyday lives by examining how things and humans interact. Based on ethnographical data from Asia, Africa and Oceania, we challenge the instrumentalist idea that humans alone are subjects with agency (freedom to act) while things are merely objects at their disposal. Anthropologists have, typically, viewed things through anthropocentric lenses; reducing things to social function or cultural meaning. Our approach is to shift the question from “what do things mean?” to “what do they do (cause)?” – a shift from meaning to agency. Using an interdisciplinary approach, including researchers from archaeology, ecological anthropology and primatology, as well as cultural anthropologists, and taking the broadest understanding of things, this book probes the permeable boundaries between subject and object, mind and body, and between humans and things to demonstrate that cultures and things are mutually constitutive. $84.95
Shuichi Kawai, Masakatsu Fujita and Eriko Kawai eds, Human Survivability Studies: A New Paradigm for Solving Global Issues ‘The challenges we face today are growing conspicuously broad in scale and complex in nature’. Human Survivability Studies is a new transdisciplinary field born from the growing awareness of the urgent need to tackle the large-scale environmental and social issues at crisis point in the world today. Based at Kyoto University, the recently established Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies in Human Survivability is seeking to develop leaders able to challenge global problems on a number of fronts. Each of the twenty chapters in this volume, written by academics from the Graduate School, looks at critical issues facing humanity from a different perspective, discussing new ideas and scientific methods that will form the basis of human survivability. The aim here is to outline the framework behind the ideas, methodology and practice of this new scientific paradigm that incorporates knowledge from both the social and natural sciences.
This title was chosen for a 2017 CHOICE OATs (Outstanding Academic Titles) award.
Noboru Hirota has produced a major historical analysis of how the field of chemistry has evolved over centuries. Spanning more than eight hundred pages, this book presents an exhaustive study of the field, showing how ground-breaking discoveries were made and innovative theories were constructed, with personal portrayals and interesting anecdotes of pioneering scholars. Positioning chemistry carefully within the natural sciences, the author rejects the traditional separation of physics, chemistry and biology, defines chemistry broadly as the ‘science of atoms and molecules,’ and traces its dynamic history with an emphasis on 20th century developments and more recent findings. Professor Hirota himself has spearheaded research in physical chemistry for more than four decades in Japan and the United States, with cutting-edge engagement with magnetic resonance, spectroscopy, and photochemistry. This publication invites specialized researchers to traverse the pathways along which the subject developed into its present form and to understand how their own research fits into the broad scope of science as a whole.
Kaori Kawai ed., Institutions: The Evolution of Human Sociality As the sequel to Groups: The Evolution of Human Sociality (Trans Pacific Press, 2013), this book continues to present the cutting-edge studies conducted jointly by sociological primatologists and ecological anthropologists in Japan. They seek to discover the essential qualities of ‘institutions’ by tracing back to the world of apes and monkeys, where ‘natural institutions’ are formed without the medium of language. To comprehend the characteristics of contemporary institutions, the authors find it necessary to go back to the origin of the evolutionary process and then uncover the gradual development through the hunter-gathering phase to the modern era. The chapters examine institutions from a diverse range of evolutionary angles, including such topics as encounters with death, children’s games, cattle rustling and mathematical proofs, and attempt to show how the concept of institutions can be applied to these settings. This collaborative work between primatologists and anthropologists shows that the understanding of ‘pre-institutional phenomena’ in the world of non-human primates is essential to modern human institutions. $99.95
Yutaka Tani, God, Man and Domesticated Animals: The Birth of Shepherds and Their Descendants in the Ancient Near East This book is a fascinating exploration into how European attitudes that measure human achievements according to the extent of control over nature is a cultural and historical product of the ancient Middle Eastern and Mediterranean world. The subject matter is the emergence of domestication, the history and role of shepherds, and the Bible. The book is comprised of two parts. Drawing on fieldwork spanning more than four decades, Part I looks at the domestication process of sheep and goats and the emergence of the profession of shepherd. Here the author analyzes the intervention techniques involved in the domestication process using Foucault’s concept of ‘pastoral power’. Part II focuses on how God’s pronouncements concerning animals in the Old Testament came to take unique forms in the ancient Middle East reflecting the relationships between city-states’ ruling chiefs as large herd owners and local pastoralists as entrusted shepherds pivoting around domesticated animal life.
Borobudur as cultural landscape is an active discussion. Since the start of the International Field School on Borobudur Cultural Landscape Heritage, Borobudur as cultural landscape – of mountains, hills, fields, villages, and rivers, including historic tangible and intangible items – has considered the role and potential of local communities and organizations in conservation and the living environment.
How can Borobudur as cultural landscape be described? How are diverse activities related? How can we contribute to sustainability? This comprehensive volume considers these questions and presents discussions by academics and local community members. It considers cultural landscape heritage – saujana heritage – and discusses the idea of ‘evolutive conservation’. It presents geographical, geological, and ecological perspectives, investigates the ancient lake that once existed, and investigates the topography and landscapes. It considers the regional planning system and describes the history and potential of local communities and organizations with a focus on tourism and development. It also examines case studies and the Borobudur Field School itself.
This book commemorates ten years of the Borobudur Field School by encouraging ongoing discussion and by searching for the next steps in evolutive conservation.
The cultural and ecological foundations of ethnicity of the !Xun, a group of the San, provide a case study in this book for an intensive regional structural comparison of Ju societies.
Long known to Western Europe as the ‘Bushmen’, the San consist of various groups distinguished by language, locale, and practice. This book focuses on the !Xun, who have lived in north-central Namibia for centuries, and adopts a life story approach to understand the lived histories of the people. It looks at interethnic relationships and the multidimensional associations with neighboring groups, particularly the Owambo and ǂAkhoe, Akira Takada scrutinizes kinship and naming terminologies, transitions of ethnicity, the interplay between ethnicity and familial/kin relationships, and the reorganization of environmental features that effect child socialization.
This book provides a valuable research perspective in San studies and in the emerging anthropology of their life-world, and is a significant addition to the small body of anthropological studies on the !Xun.
Hiroaki Sasaki, Growth, Cycles and Distribution: A Kaleckian Approach This book collects Hiroaki Sasaki’s contributions to further developing the Kaleckian model of analyzing economic growth cycles and distribution. The Kaleckian model is a post-Keynesian type of growth model based on a principle of effective demand. It investigates how changes in income distribution affect microeconomic variables such as economic growth, output and employment. Although many discussions of the Kaleckian model focus on short-run economic growth, Sasaki’s main contribution is that he also considers medium and long-runs. Sasaki also introduces a variety of factors such as differentiating between profit-led and wage-led regimes and investigating how the wage gap between regular and non-regular types of employment affects economic growth. The earlier versions of the papers collected here have been previously published in esteemed academic journals such as Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Journal of Economics, International Review of Applied Economics, and Metroeconomics. $79.95
Jiro Tanaka’s The Bushmen archives nearly fifty years of research with some of Southern Africa’s remotest groups. Forming part of the canon of Japanese ecological anthropology and area studies, Tanaka’s deep connection with his subject matter is evident through his insightful and often touching stories and reflections on a rich and challenging life work. Tanaka interweaves ethnographic materials with broader reflections on the changes that have beset Bushman groups carried by waves of global political and economic developments. While some of the characteristics of the process of transformation are specific to Bushman society, many others are shared by other indigenous and minority societies around the world. This book attempts to analyze the transformation process from this perspective and at the same time serve as a catalyst for readers to look back and question the state of our own civilization.
Toshio Kawabe and his colleagues periodically lived and worked among the Gidra people of the tropical wet lowland of Papua New Guinea for twenty-five years. In this book he reports on a continuing traditional hunter-gatherer-cultivator lifestyle, describes the way of life and the major subsistence activities in the diverse environment of the Gidraland, and examines the skills that have sustained the Gidra culture since the Stone Age. The Gidra live within a treasure trove of rich flora and fauna, but the decline of tropical forests has been recognized as a global environmental issue. Kawabe examines the importance of such forests as complex ecosystems and examines lessons that developed nations can learn from people who live closely within nature about how to survive environmental changes.
This volume is the product of a collaborative project based at the Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa at the Tokyo University of Foreign Studies. Researchers primarily involved in three fields -- primate sociology and ecology, ecological anthropology and socio-cultural anthropology -- came together to discuss the shape and variations of groups as sympatric entities and the evolutionary historical foundations that have led to the orientation of groups in present-day human society. To that end, the chapters in this volume turn to non-human primates for comparative purposes to consider the nature of the evolutionary historical foundations of sociality.
In place of the past objective of reconstructing the ecology and society of early humans, the works in this book instead aim to re-identify the creation and evolution of that which is social and challenge the prevailing theory of groups in socio-cultural anthropology. Specialists on research into human beings and those studying non-human primates develop the debate about groups in the context of their own areas of expertise, at times in ways that extend beyond the boundaries of their fields.
Relations between the Netherlands and Japan in the early modern period were founded on trade. The Dutch United East India Company operated in Japan for over 100 years, from 1609 to the early eighteenth century. The Dutch–Japanese relationship, built sometimes on understanding, and at other times resentment, is recorded in great detail in the trade-related archives of the period. This book closely examines these documents to reveal the changing market conditions of the main commodities exported by the Dutch from Japan at the time: silver, koban gold , copper and camphor. This analysis of both Dutch and Japanese perspectives on the market forms an intricate picture of the cultural, political and economic context of trade between the Netherlands and Japan in the early modern period.
In order to produce sufficient quantities of food to feed the world’s growing population, we need to increase the food producing capacities of crops and to protect the environments in which they grow. Discovering untapped plant resources is an important challenge, but a haphazard increase in food production may cause environmental damage. We need good foresight and must take appropriate actions. The sago palm is a plant that might fulfill all of these requirements. The sago palm accumulates more starch than any other plant in the world, yet it continues to languish in relative obscurity in global terms. The Japan Society of Sago Palm Studies was formed in the hope of raising its profile by hosting seminars and symposiums in Japan and overseas to help it achieve the recognition it deserves. To this end, the Society’s members have worked together to produce this volume, written in an easy-to-understand style.
Though there is no biological validity to race, it continues to play a central role in various aspects of our daily lives. What, then, generates and reinforces the reality of race, and in what ways? In order to explore these questions, this book examines racial representations from both scientific and humanistic perspectives, taking into account both historical and contemporary views. This incisive anthology is the product of an interdisciplinary collaboration among scholars whose backgrounds vary from Japan to Korea, Singapore, Germany, Israel/Iraq, and the United States. The discussion consists of studies in history, literature, sociology, cultural anthropology, and genetics, while the primary focus is on racial representations in Asia. This book elucidates issues and phenomena that have been neglected or marginalized in the literature on racial representation, and serves to broaden our understanding both in the theoretical and empirical realms. Looking at these phenomena, we realize that racism has become increasingly obscure and harder to identify and articulate, thus posing the question: are we really beyond race and heading towards a future of integration ?
The history of agriculture is characterized by efforts to increase production and productivity. At the beginning of the 21st Century both public and private sector research has focused on developing ever-more sophisticated tools to address a wide-range of challenges facing the agricultural industry. An amazing array of automation technologies and robots have been developed in the process, to do everything from tilling fields to pick strawberries, from planting rice seedlings to autonomously weeding the paddies. This richly-illustrated volume surveys the results of these efforts, concisely and plainly presenting specific examples of the latest robotic mechanisms and practices for agricultural applications.