The series is edited by the Center for Southeast Asian Studies at Kyoto University and published jointly by Trans Pacific Press and Kyoto University Press.
Hiromu Shimizu, Grassroots Globalization: Revitalization in the Philippine Cordilleras Rapidly advancing globalization impacts indigenous people worldwide. In this long-term study of a remote village famous for its World Heritage-listed rice terraces, where the people actively confront globalization, Shimizu Hiromu considers the extent to which globalization has penetrated even the remote mountains of the Philippines at the grassroots level. The book examines globalization in Ifugao Province since Spains colonization of the Philippines and Ifugao resistance through to the new wave of migrant workers traveling overseas, who have experienced a shift in their life-world and confrontation point with global powers from their home country to an away-game arena. By focusing on the village of Hapao and its reforestation and cultural revival movement led by Lopez Nauyac, as well as the work of world-renowned film director Kidlat Tahimik and his attempt to remake himself as an authentic Filipino through Nauyacs inspiration and strategic essentialism, this book examines globalization from the periphery and shows that we are all deeply connected in the contemporary era of globalization.
The Japanese original of this book won the Japan Academy Prize in 2017, the most prestigious academic publication prize in Japan. It was bestowed upon a cultural anthropologist for the first time. The book also received the eleventh Japanese Society of Cultural Anthropology Award in 2016.
Motivated by on-the-ground experiences during Indonesias period of political turmoil in the early 2000s following the collapse of the Suharto regime, in this book Ayako Masuhara systematically explains the structure of the Suharto regime while revealing its political dynamism. Her primary goal is to account for the transformations Suhartos personal rule underwent during thirty years in power and explain its end. The book focuses on the personal rule system that Suharto employed, analysing its transition and collapse in a groundbreaking thesis that draws on archival materials from major political institutions as well as interviews with some of the key political protagonists. The concept co-opting type personal rule is proposed to address the following questions: What concept can best capture the Suharto regime and the diverse array of personal rule systems and better explain the characteristics of each type? How can we analyze personal rule regimes that end in relatively peaceful transitions rather than revolution or violent coup?
Officially, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam has a total of 54 ethnic groups, including the majority Kinh and 53 ethnic minority groups. In this book, Ito Masako examines the history of the ethnic group determination process, highlighting some of the challenges the official policies pose to both the state and the affected peoples.
Vietnam has proudly embraced its multiethnic identity, seeking the equality of all ethnic groups in the interests of national unity. Yet, among other things, it appears that the total number of ethnic categories was rather arbitrarily determined initially, and then fiercely defended by influential politicians and academics. Furthermore, Ito s extensive field surveys reveal that ethnic policies are frequently manipulated at the regional and local levels in pursuit of economic interests, and not infrequently, to the detriment of those they were intended to benefit.
This study examines the role of Buddhist monks as development agents in rural Thailand. Through 20 years of field studies, and with a focus on Northeast Thailand which is known as Isan and long classified as the poorest region of Thailand , author Pinit Lapthananon investigates development in contemporary Thailand. Although development monks form a small percentage of the monks in Isan, or in Thailand as a whole, their actions have been highly visible in Thai society for more than five decades, and they have helped to maintain a balance between modernization and traditional culture. The book examines the role of Buddhism, investigates religious and socioeconomic activities, and probes the changing approach to development - with an emphasis on economic growth to support both social and human development, self-sufficiency, community participation and empowerment, and the revitalization of traditional knowledge and folk wisdom. The Role of Development Monks in Northeast Thailand will help in understanding the process of development and social change in Isan society.
Having experienced a large-scale reorganization of social order over the past decade, people of the Malay world have struggled to position themselves. They have been classified and have classified themselves with categories as bangsa nation/ethnic group and umma Islamic network . In connection with these key concepts, the book also explores a variety of dimensions of other epeople-groupingf classifications, including Malayu, Jawi and paranakan. The study examines how these categories played a significant part in the colonial and post-colonial periods in areas ranging from Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines and demonstrates the extent to which shifting social conditions interact with the contours of group identity. The book is a collaborative work by scholars based in Japan, Malaysia, Australia and the United States.
The Limits of Tradition explores the discourse of adat customary or traditional landownership that played an important role in peasant resistance against Indonesia s state development programs and demonstrates its inherent limits as a viable instrument for enhancing the rights of forest-dwelling communities. The book traces the process in which the Indonesian government, as well as NGOs, developed competing interpretations of the discourse, and the study presents fieldwork reports on how the lower classes appropriated it. The Limits of Tradition represents an in-depth analysis of the role of subaltern elites in creating and organizing counter-hegemonic culture.
This study investigates the impact of agrarian development programs on rural class structure in Bangladesh and highlights how the local administration of infrastructure affected the social stratification of villages. Fujita shows how the so-called Green Revolution was conducive to the formation of the groundwater market and the emergence of the waterlords . This book demonstrates the ways in which the failure of formal finance facilities contributed to the credit flow from the wealthy to the poor, with the transformation of the potato-marketing system and the structure of rural finance.
The book offers a description of composite swiddening, a traditional Southeaster Asian agricultural system that combines shifting cultivation fields on the hillsides with irrigated paddy fields in the valleys. The book challenges the conventional belief that shifting cultivation inevitably causes deforestation. It describes this complex agro-ecosystem in terms of individual components, its adaptation to ongoing changes, and its wider use elsewhere in Vietnam s northern mountains. It will be of interest to Southeast Asian area scholars, agricultural ecologists, ethnologists and upland development policymakers.
The rise of the new middle classes in Southeast Asia brought about important transformations in various countries politically, socially, economically and culturally, while producing new East Asian lifestyles that transcend national boundaries and causing the reorganization of urban space. Based on the framework of comparative politics, this study first examines the regional significance of the growth of the middle classes after the economic crisis in 19971998 and pays special attention to the conditions which led the fall of the Thaksin government as a consequence of a military coup. From the international relations point of view, this collective work by Southeast Asian specialists also uses abundant data to unravel the regionalization of the cultural industry across East Asia.
Reprinted again, this study traces the current instability of Thai politics back to the 1990s. The book challenges the prevailing view that the nation s democratization process in the decade was led by the active middle class and presents an alternative explanation focusing upon the appeasement of passive forces. The Japanese original of the book won an Ohira Masayoshi Memorial Prize in 2003.
Using ethnographic data, this study reveals the way in which state-initiated development projects and the process of islamization influence the life world of the Orang Asli, the indigenous group in Malaysia.
In the face of the financial crisis of East Asia in 1997, Japan successfully pressed forth the Miyazawa Plan and other efficient rescue packages while the IMF and the World Bank failed to present effective programs. With its presence established, Japan kept playing a leading role in formulating the Chiang Mai Initiative which facilitated bilateral and regional economic cooperation in the area. Based on the analysis of this process, the book examines the ways in which East Asia has grappled with the regional integration of the economies of the area. The study focuses upon competing developmental models, the effects of FTA and EPA, the initiatives of ASEAN, investments and trades in the region. The contributors to the book then inquire what can be done in financial and monetary domains with a special attention paid to the effects of the depreciation of currencies and the consequences of the IMF emergency policies. The study also addresses the issues of productivity, problems of agrarian small states and difficulties of the socially weak in the region.
Based on a decade of observation and interviews in a Sarawak village, Ryoji Soda examines out-migration from the village. The themes include: the migrants living strategies in urban areas their frequent moves between rural and urban areas and kinship relations between rural and urban residents. This is a fresh ethnographic perspective on human mobility, rural-urban interactions, development policy and family relations.
Published in January 2005. This economic history of the early development of Thailand s railways details the rail policies of the royal government, from the end of the 19th century to 1932, when the Constitutional Revolution overthrew it. It also assesses the role and impact of the railways on Thailand s economy in terms of the degree to which they reduced transport time and cost, as well as the extent to which they altered the flow of commodities and the transportation of passengers across the country.
This volume brings together within a single set of covers much of what the author has written about Vietnam over the past forty years. The book opens with an autobiographical account of his history as a Vietnam researcher that sets each of the selections into the context of the time and situation in which it was written. The writings are grouped into five topical sections. Each part includes a brief introduction that describes the selections it contains. Part I deals with cultural history, religion, and cultural ecology, Part II with the Vietnamese village, Part III with the impact of the war on South Vietnamese society, Part IV with Vietnam s development prospects in the its reform period, and Part V with problems of development in Vietnam s mountains.
As much of the world turns its attention to questions of the role and even survival of the nation-state formation in an increasingly globalized world, the authors of this interdisciplinary volume shift the focus of the debate by examining various sites of social action where the nation-state is still in a formative stage even as it is increasingly under threat. Including micro level ethnographies, local histories and a macro-theoretical overview of the world-system, this volume directly engages with the complexities of globalization in marginal and troubled states complexities that are themselves typically marginalized in debates all too often obsessed with the plight of the most powerful and developed nations.
This book is about Southeast Asia - above all Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines - after the Asian financial crisis. It takes up the complex interactions and tensions among Southeast Asian states, markets and societies within the context of a regional order under American hegemony, with emphasis on individuals and collectivities whose thoughts and actions actively intervene in the shaping of relations between and among the three realms.
This title won the 2005 gold prize for the best translated or co-published academic books awarded by the Asian Pacific Publishers Association.
Uniquely interdisciplinary in orientation, experts in ecology, agriculture, medicine and development studies have joined forces to produce this large-scale study. The authors argue that a number of qualitatively different regional types exist in the world, each comprising its own homeostasis. The book presents a fresh perspective on environmental area studies and demonstrates that the globalizing process leads to the destruction of the co-existence of human beings and their environment.
Located betwixt and between the hills and the plains, tradition and modernity , the peripheries and the mainstream of the modern nation-state, Hayami s study of the Karen in northwestern Thailand provides a window into the ways people adapt their practices and values in the face of encroaching social and economic forces. Re-examining the historical records while providing a detailed ethnographic account of customary rituals and practices, Hayami overturns previous interpretations of religious adaptation which suggested that the uptake of Christianity and Buddhism in the region has been superficially concerned with embodied practices at the expense of doctrinal conformity. Arguing that such an interpretation is trapped within an ideological understanding of religion, Hayami demonstrates here that the Karen are active participants in seeking out, adapting and adopting new religious practices in ways that enable the maintenance of communal boundaries and cultural particularity at the same time as they integrate themselves into the broader stream of Thai society.
Lye Tuck-po, Wil de Jong and Ken-ichi Abe eds, The Political Ecology of Tropical Forests in Southeast Asia Paperback Published in February 2003. Following an interdisciplinary approach to debates about the future of tropical forests in Southeast Asia, the authors - each experts in their field - unravel the extent to which the interests of local inhabitants, nation-states and international environmental movements are intertwined. The volume investigates the highly politicized context in which local forestry problems intersect with global market forces and emphasizes the importance of examining local issues in their own right. $54.95