Having experienced a large-scale reorganization of social order over the past decade, people of the Malay world have struggled to position themselves. They have been classified and have classified themselves with categories as bangsa nation/ethnic group and umma Islamic network . In connection with these key concepts, the book also explores a variety of dimensions of other epeople-groupingf classifications, including Malayu, Jawi and paranakan. The study examines how these categories played a significant part in the colonial and post-colonial periods in areas ranging from Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines and demonstrates the extent to which shifting social conditions interact with the contours of group identity. The book is a collaborative work by scholars based in Japan, Malaysia, Australia and the United States.